Rad transportation is considered to be the most mobile and flexible of all transport modes. When you consider warehousing needs virtually no adaptation to get the good from the building to the road via trucks you can see the simplicity in it. In addition, road transportation allows for flexibility in departure time for the goods, door to door transportation and in most cases, is still the leader in terms cost. Due to this and the fact trucks and other freight going road vehicles are not subject to tracks, take-off slots or any other limitation, it is easy to see why this can be the most preferred option around.
Almost any type of freight can be carried via rail, from bulk materials to food products, to household goods. Developments have been made in rolling stock, much in the same manner as with trucks, to ensure refrigeration cars are able to preserve perishable goods for the duration of the journal and save the customer money.
Due to the high load capacity, the cost of rail transportation is relatively low. With theft from railway cars minimal and accidents on the lines few and far between, rail freight has a very good safety record which makes it easy to see why some companies prefer to use this method.
However, the logistical impossibility of delivering goods to the front door is the one major problem with rail freight. This is why it is often combined with road transport for the “last mile” delivery.
The fastest way to deliver goods from point A to point B. Air transportation has become a very important part of the supply chain network. Perishables, valuables (such as jewellery), medicines or organs for transplants rely heavily on this method due to the time limitations imposed upon them.
Due to its nature of transporting goods at a high altitude, air transportation is not subject to the same limitations on topography as road or rail. Mountains, seas, rivers or canyons do not matter for this mode. Additionally, like rail the theft of goods remains low due to the impracticality of attempting to steal from a moving aircraft.
The major disadvantage of air transportation is the high cost associated with it, usually significantly higher than any other form of transport. Finally, like rail air transport cannot deliver direct to the door so needs to utilise road transport for the “last mile” delivery too.
A strong contender to all other modes of transportation, sea transport is relatively cheap, reliable and efficient. Ships are extremely versatile, being able to adapt it’s set up to accommodation a variety of cargos, or others specifically designed for certain jobs. Due to this any cargo is able to be shipped whether it is raw materials, gas, oil, industry products, or breakbulk.
The main drawback to sea transportation is the relative low speed of delivery, companies will need to build in additional delivery time for their products. Additionally, like rail and air transport, sea transportation needs to utilise road transport for the “last mile” to get the goods from the dock to the customer.